Publication Ethics and
Publication Malpractice Statement
The ethic statements of Botanikai Közlemények (Botanical
Communications) are based on the Best Practice Guidelines for Journal
Editors developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)
Duties of Editors
The editor of Botanikai Közlemények (Botanical Communications) is
responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal
should be published. The editor may be guided by the policies of the
journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as
shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and
plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making
An editor should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without
regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin,
citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a
submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author,
reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher,
Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used
in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the
Duties of Reviewers
Contribution to Editorial Decisions
Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the
editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in
improving the paper.
Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported
in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should
notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.
Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential
documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as
authorized by the editor.
Standards of Objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is
inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting
Acknowledgement of Sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by
the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had
been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A
reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial
similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any
other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept
confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not
consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from
competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any
of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
Duties of Authors
Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account
of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its
significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper.
A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to
replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute
unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
Data Access and Retention
Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for
editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such
data and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a
reasonable time after publication.
Originality and Plagiarism
Authors should ensure that submitted work is original and has not been
published elsewhere in any language, and if the authors have used the work
and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.
Applicable copyright laws and conventions should be followed. Copyright
material (e.g. tables, figures or extensive quotations) should be reproduced
only with appropriate permission and acknowledgement.
Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially
the same research in more than one journal or primary publication.
Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently
constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
Acknowledgement of Sources
Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors
should cite publications that have been influential in determining the
nature of the reported work.
Authorship of the Paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant
contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the
reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be
listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in
certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be
acknowledged or listed as contributors.
The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and
no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all
co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have
agreed to its submission for publication.
Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any
unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify
these in the manuscript.
Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other
substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the
results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial
support for the project should be disclosed.
Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own
published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal
editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the