Botanikai Közlemények

  Journal of the Botanical Section of the Hungarian Biological Society
 

< 2016

Botanikai Közlemények 103(1): 119–134 (2016)
DOI: 10.17716/BotKozlem.2016.103.1.119

REVIEW

 Botanical, phytochemical and pharmaceutical characters of Fallopia species adventive in Hungary

 H. BÉKÉSINÉ KALLENBERGER1, Gy. HORVÁTH1, L. BALOGH2, V. L. Balázs3, N. Papp1*

 

1Institute of Pharmacognosy, University of Pécs, H–7624 Pécs, Rókus u. 2.

2Department of Natural History, Savaria Museum, H–9701 Szombathely, Kisfaludy S. u. 9.

3Institute of Biology, University of Pécs, H–7624 Pécs, Ifjúság u. 6.

*nora4595@gamma.ttk.pte.hu

 

Accepted: 18 January 2016

 Keywords: ethnobotany, Fallopia, histology, morphology, phytochemistry, taxonomy

   

Fallopia species originate from Asia, but nowadays they are spreading in many areas of the world. In Europe, taxa have been planted in the 19th century as ornamental plants. Among the main phytochemical compounds, tannins, phenolic acids, flavonoids, stibenes (e.g. resveratrol) and anthraquinones (e.g. emodin) can be highlighted, which have several physiological and therapeutical effects, as well. In the traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine, the rhizome of some species is used for hepatitis, high blood pressure, skin injuries and bleeding. Recently, several studies have been carried out on the antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effect of the plants. In addition, preliminary pharmacological data are available on their effect against high cholesterol level and for some cancer types, as well. Some species have metal-binding property and allelopathic effect, while other taxa are studied for their agricultural production to use as fodder. The possible role of Fallopia species as energy plants is based on their high heating value. These results suggest further ecological, phytochemical and pharmacological studies in the future, which draw the attention for the various potential uses of these plants. This work summarizes the botanical (incl. morphological, histological, phytochemical and medicinal), as well as the historical and ethnobotanical features of Fallopia japonica, F. sachalinensis and their hybrid F. × bohemica.

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